Their main priority was the defence of British territory. Recalling the landing of Spanish and French troops in Ireland centuries past, they feared an independent Ireland would be used as an enemy to attack Britain in future wartime. Because of this, it is clear that a Republic for Ireland was almost completely unattainable.
The British Government also believed that the unity of the Empire would be clear only if Irish office holders had to swear allegiance to the King. In contrast to the clear aims of the British delegation, the Irish delegates had not worked out an exact strategy that reflected their aspirations.
Commitment to an Irish Republic and restoration of Irish unity was the only solid argument they had. To extinguish the proposal of dominion status, they had external association in mind, which is working in close co-operation with the British Empire, but they had no alternative plan if this was not granted.
It is clear that the result of whatever treaty was to come of these negotiations, would be unfavourable, which we later see in the arguments against the treaty. Not long into the negotiations sub-committees were set up, Griffith and Collins doing most of the work on these sub-committees. Although there was a gradual start, there was an early agreement on British naval bases in Ireland, trade, and the portion of UK debt to be paid by Ireland. There was a major clash of opinions between the delegations on whether dominion status or external association should be put in place.
The British rejected external association and the Irish rejected dominion status. This issue was postponed as the Ulster question was discussed. The British offered for the six counties to be put under an All-Ireland parliament, if Ireland stayed in the British Empire. The proposal was rejected by Craig and Northern Unionist leaders so a boundary commission was proposed.
This was reluctantly accepted by the Irish, they hoped majority nationalists counties would be given back. These provisions would be analysed later, when the delegates returned. Divisions began to form in the Irish delegation. They returned to Dublin in early December.. There were bitter splits between Brugha, Griffith and Collins. In Dublin, they were instructed to propose external association again. Upon their return to London, the British refused it once again. They did, however, grant some minor concessions concerning the role of the Oath of Allegiance.
It gave more importance to searing true faith and allegiance to the Irish Constitution and less importance to being faithful to the King. On 5th December, George presented an ultimatum. He refused to allow them refer the forms back to Dublin. It was signed at am, 6th December, 10 Downing Street. The Irish delegates returned to Dublin, dreading what was to come. The provisions of this Treaty was proven to be a catalyst for the divisions in the country, for many years to come.
The immediate public reaction in Ireland to the Anglo-Irish treaty was one of widespread relief and joy. For the ordinary people of Ireland, it meant the guarantee of peace and removal of the British Army from the country. One of the main reasons for the Anti-treaty side was the matter of dominion status. De Valera pushed for external association, while the delegates were only able to get dominion status.
His main aim was a republic which he did not get. Many republicans said that the republic had been declared in the Proclamation. Many also believed that Ireland could not follow an independent foreign policy so long as Britain had the Treaty ports. This was one of the principal provisions that put people against the Treaty. The Oath of Allegiance is evidently one of the main provisions that did not sit well with the people of Ireland.
Many people were not willing to swear faithfulness to the King. Their view was that it was outrageous to swear loyalty to a King when they had been trying to fight against it for generations. Essay about philippine education today vs education girls and women discrimination essays causes of world war 1 essay introduction the importance of university education essay in five years i see myself essay for engineering gallaudet university video essay slashfilm essay description of football.
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Commitment to an Irish Republic and restoration of Irish unity was the only solid argument they had. Upon their return to London, the British refused it once again. Dominion status was a status that would have seen Ireland as being semi-independent, similar to Canada, Australia and New Zealand. The chance of a Republic Ireland or close to a Republic was prayed for.
The negotiations began on 11th October This would prove to be one of the main causes of the Irish delegates not bringing back the desired result of these negotiations. Erskine Childers was a non-voting secretary. Another very strong point of Pro-Treaty side was the stepping stone argument. For the ordinary people of Ireland, it meant the guarantee of peace and removal of the British Army from the country.
There was a major clash of opinions between the delegations on whether dominion status or external association should be put in place. The provisions of this Treaty was proven to be a catalyst for the divisions in the country, for many years to come. The British Government also believed that the unity of the Empire would be clear only if Irish office holders had to swear allegiance to the King. These men were extraordinarily skilled politicians. Computers of the future essay what motivates employees to work harder essay writing great depression interview essay. There were bitter splits between Brugha, Griffith and Collins.