For example, if you were arguing that your school should increase suicide awareness you could start with, "Did you know that close to , people die of suicide every year? You should be aiming to make your audience and your adjudicator sit up a little straighter in their chairs. Have you ever debated before? See results Step Two: Defining the Topic After your opening you need to make the subject that you're talking about crystal-clear to your listeners. To do this, state your topic and your team's position on the topic.
For example, "Today we're here to discuss the topic X. This doesn't have to be a literal dictionary definition, but could rather be your view on what the word means in the context of the topic or the issue at large. While this may seem pedantic, it's important to do so that you know that you and your opponent are on the same page. It's incredibly hard to debate someone when they have a different idea of what the topic means than you do.
If you're not the first speaker in the debate, then you should use this slot to either agree with or contend the definition that your opponent gave. If they didn't give a definition, feel free to provide your own as if you were the first speaker. If you don't define your topic then you might just find that you're debating a completely different topic to your opponent. Source Step Three: Signposting Signposting may seem annoying and unnecessary.
If you're a word-enthusiast it can even seem like it's disrupting the flow of your otherwise smooth and lyrical speech. However, it's completely and totally necessary in the structure of a good debate. You may think that you've written the best and most easy to follow debate in the world, but the fact is that the audience isn't you.
They don't know the topic you're covering in the depth that you know it and they're certainly not as invested in the debate as you are. They might zone out for a few moments in the introduction and then get completely lost.
This is what makes signposting so important; it's a way to simply and effectively remind your listener of what you're talking about and where you're up to in your speech. At the end of your introduction add a few sentences that tells the listener how many points you're going to be making and in what order you're going to be making them.
For example, "To begin my case, I'm going to argue X. I'll then move on to demonstrate Y and will conclude by examining Z.
Signposting is critical in any good debate. Without it, you might just find that your audience gets lost. For instance, if the debate is about a resolution to ban a specific environmental hazard such as shale oil drilling, explain the process of drilling through rock -- hydraulic fracturing known as fracking -- with a high-pressure mixture of chemicals and water to release resources of oil and gas Present the Context Explain the context -- the related circumstances and events in real life that relate to the topic.
For example, if your team is against fracking, offer examples and statistics about groundwater contamination and earthquake events over time that scientists believe are related to shale drilling.
In some instances, the conclusion may not be necessary in a speech, however for this purpose we will describe the parts of the conclusion you should try to include in every speech.
First, it is good to refer back to your introduction. This includes the attention grabber and the thesis statement. Additionally, it is important to restate your thesis statement to reaffirm to the audience your stance on the topic.
Finally, you should summarize the body of your speech to present the audience one last look at the arguments they made. If a judge was not paying attention to your speech, it is good to end the speech with a last message to reaffirm your position on the topic and the arguments you present.
Finally, you want to add a final concluding sentence to finish the speech. I gave two arguments to support the resolution. They were first, that electric cars are cleaner than gas cars, and also electric cars are more popular and stylish.
If you want to help save the world, please support me in thinking electric cars are the future of Korea. As previously inferred, this is not meant to be an outline for every speech or debate format. However, this is a basic layout for a speech which you will present. It can be used to portray information as an informative speech, it could be used to persuade an audience, it could even be used to describe a process of events. One thing to keep in mind is that speeches require an audience so you should thank the audience for listening to your speech.
This simple gesture shows etiquette and mannerism in an organized event and could even be the weighing decision for the judge. So try to always say thank you if you can. A good introduction is thus essential in raising the expectations of the judges. A good introduction also serves to differentiate the speaker from the other debaters in the round and get more attention from the judges.
Debaters can consider using the following elements to create effective introductions to their speeches. Debaters should allocated about seconds for the introductions but this will depend on the time available for the speech and the amount of substantive matter which needs to be covered. Contextualisation This technique is commonly used by the First speakers of both teams.
The speakers open their speeches by contextualizing the motion in real world events. This shows the judges that the speakers understand the relevance of the motion and why the motion is being debated.
The contextualisation also provides the speakers with an opportunity to make their stance as sympathetic as possible. In a debate about the use of nuclear technology, the First Proposition Speaker can open by citing the depletion of natural resources as well as the need to find sustainable and cheap energy sources in the developing world.
The First Opposition Speaker, in contrast, will contextualize the debate by referring to nuclear accidents, such as those in Japan, as well as the threat of nuclear weapon programmes in North Korea and Iran.
Overview The overview is a technique more commonly used from the Second Speaker onwards, although the First Opposition Speaker may also use it. Here, the Debater makes a critique of the approach being taken by the opposing team.
This is an attack on the opposing team which goes beyond a mere rebuttal of a point. This assessment will also serve as a pre-cursor to the evaluative component of the Summary Speeches and signals to the judges that the Debater has the ability to look at the debate critically. For instance, in a Debate about globalisation, the Second Proposition Speaker can note that the Opposition has focused mainly on social and political issues and criticise this approach during the overview as globalisation is primarily an economic phenomenon.
The Second Opposition Speaker, in response, can note during the overview that the Proposition had primarily used examples from developed countries and has ignored the impact on least developing countries in order to put globalisation in a good light. This has the effect of quickly grounding the debate in reality and putting a clear metal image of the debate in the minds of the judges. This technique differs from contextualization as the Debater is only using a single example for its impact rather than the explanation of the broad circumstance.
Thus, going back to the motion on nuclear technology, the speaker can open with a detailed example on the reactor meltdown at Chernobyl and the resultant radioactive fallout over Europe.
The reasons support your thesis and explain more about the argument.
Luckily, there are some strategies that you can use while rebutting that make the challenge a little less daunting. I believe zoos are bad for animals. If it's a website, is it an educational one?
This will ensure that the opponents will not misunderstand or misrepresent the arguments being put forward. These are formulated well and are usually short and sharp, which allows the debaters to proceed quickly into these speeches. You may also see declamation speech. After you have finished researching your topic, like every good speech, it should contain an outline that serves as a guide to assist you on the points that you want to be delivered in order.
For instance, if the debate is about a resolution to ban a specific environmental hazard such as shale oil drilling, explain the process of drilling through rock -- hydraulic fracturing known as fracking -- with a high-pressure mixture of chemicals and water to release resources of oil and gas Present the Context Explain the context -- the related circumstances and events in real life that relate to the topic. The first argument is electric cars are cleaner than gas cars and my second argument is electric cars are becoming more popular and stylish than gas cars. This includes the attention grabber and the thesis statement. Considering that the topic has already been assigned to you and your group mates, it is important that you begin preparing for your debate with the opposing party. This ensures that these key components will remain fresh in the minds of the judges.
Find a relevant specific that illustrates the underlying point. It's an incredibly durable argument which is why it makes for a great on-the-spot rebuttal. If you don't define your topic then you might just find that you're debating a completely different topic to your opponent.